1.1 Waste Tyre- Black Pollution
As we all know, plastic waste is “White Pollution” because it is hard to degrade naturally. Similar to plastic waste, waste tyres are also hard for degradation. There are approximately more than 7 billion tons of scrap tyres abandoned each year across the world. They don’t only cover too much space, but also pose pollution to the environment, cause fires and threaten safety and health of people. Thus, how to dispose of the waste tyres properly and safely has become an urgent issue for the whole world. Hope this waste tyre pyrolysis plant project can guide you in the waste tire recycling business.
1.2 Waste Tyre Recycling and Management in Malaysia
Malaysia is a fast-developing country in Southeastern Asia. The number of the car has been increasing quickly as the country develops. Besides, it is one of the main suppliers of natural rubber in the world. So there are many tyre manufacturing companies in this country. Recent years, large tyre manufacturers in the developed countries tend to set up their factory in Malaysia to shorten the distance between the raw materials and production lines. As a result, it indirectly affects the number of waste tyres in Malaysia and this country is facing quite a serious problem of tyre disposing and recycling at present.
2. Introduction to Pyrolysis Plant
To simply dispose of those “black waste” is not enough for a sustainable development of society. Complying with the trend of turning waste into energy, people have worked out a perfect solution to dispose of and recycle waste tyres, which is called Pyrolysis.
Pyrolysis is a chemical thermal reaction through which the macromolecule and be turned into micromolecule under high temperature and oxygen-free environment. A pyrolysis plant is a waste recycling plant that uses this kind of technology to turn waste tyres into fuels.
2.1 Tyre Pyrolysis Process
Tyres are usually made of natural rubber or synthetic rubber, carbon black and various organic or inorganic additives which including the plasticiser, antiager, sulfur and zinc oxide. During the pyrolysis of waste tyres, the macromolecules which have an unsaturated bond in the backbone of the rubber will fracture and then the resultants will aggregate into multiple olefins. And then the volatile matters will be separated and form solid carbon. Generally, the final products are tyre oil, carbon black, steel wires and combustible gas.
2.2 Final Products
2.2.1 Tyre Oil
Tyre oil is a dark brown liquid fuel oil that you can use for the industrial and commercial purpose. It can be used as an alternative fuel oil in heavy machinery after being refined.
2.2.2 Carbon Black
Carbon black is light black amorphous carbon with a powdered form. It is an important industrial material that has wide uses in many aspects. It is the raw material to produce the black dye, Chinese ink, printing ink, paint and rubber fortifier, etc. Besides, it can also be used as the ingredient to produce electric cable jacketing, conveyor belt, carrier bands, doormats, black nylon bags, auto spare parts, plastic pipes, and industrial rubber products, etc.
2.2.3 Steel Wires
The steel wires inside of the tyre should be drawn by a wire drawing machine before feeding into the pyrolysis reactor. The steel wire can be recycled in the steelmaking factory and metallurgical plant.
|Oil||Carbon black||Steel wires||Combustible gas|
2.3 Structure of Beston Tyre Pyrolysis Plant
Beston tyre pyrolysis plant adopts modular design. This kind of design enables the configuration of the plant flexible. A waste tyre pyrolysis plant has the following main modules:
2.4 Equipment Layout
The maximum weight of each system is:
- Feeding system: 1570kg
- Heating system: 18048kg
- Continuous pyrolysis system: 22370kg
- De-dusting system: 13021kg
- Oil condenser system: 20121kg
- Discharging system: 2015kg
Refer to the following layout if you want to know the floor space for each system.
2.5 Features of Beston Tyre Pyrolysis Plant
1.High-leveled production techniques to make sure high quality: we use ultrasonic flaw detector and submerged arc welding to the production line of the plant.
2.Innovative designs: we add many original designs to the plant such as the new heating method, protective casing design, Three-in-one Oil Discharging System, etc. Most of the designs have got domestic patents in China.
3.High efficiency: the maximum daily capacity of the plant is 24 tons. With an automatic and continuous design, the plant can run 24 hours without stopping.
4.Eco-friendly: no matter the small scale plant or the continuous one, all those plants of Beston poses ZERO POLLUTION to the surrounding environment and the emission meets the EU Environmental Protection and Emission Standard.
5.High-leveled safety design: this plant has a strict and high-grade security design including the exploration-proof and fire-proof devices, clogging-proof valves, pressure gauge and thermometer, and so on.
If you want to learn more information about the features of Beston pyrolysis plant, you can contact us and we will provide a more specific waste tyre pyrolysis plant project report for you.
3. Site Layout Planning
To do a site layout planning, you need to consider the following factors to make sure the preliminary site construction smooth.
3.1 Principle of Unity
In the design and improvement of the layout, the people, machine, materials and other elements of each process must be taken into consideration, organic combination and full balance. If there is no unified coordination, the production process can be divided easily, which will prolong the stagnation time and reduce the production efficiency.
3.2 The Shortest Distance Rule
Consider process sequence and at the same time you should pay attention to the flow of production in the process of production materials, try to shorten the production process flow of the production of raw materials, avoid cross appeared in the process of production of raw materials and products in circulation, jam phenomenon.
3.3 The Principle of the Flow of People and Logistics
Under the premise of ensuring reasonable operation space and maintenance space in layout design, it is necessary to follow the principle of moving distance and moving time. The shorter the distance, the smaller the cost and time of material handling.
3.4 Safety Principle
When designing the layout, we should start from the convenience of transportation, and consider how to give full play to the role of transportation and make the logistics unimpeded. Otherwise, there will be some unexpected problems, such as sudden road blockage, personnel equipment can not arrive in time to deal with the scene.
4. Layout Plan of the Factory
1. The field installation technicians shall make specific plant based on the real situation of the customer. Generally, you need to pay attention to the following aspects,
2.The raw material stacking site, the choice of the raw material transportation tool, the choice of the external feeding mode.
3.Layout design of the carbon black stacking site, the selection of carbon black and the selection of tools, and the choice of black carbon transportation tools.
4.Design of the storage tank provided by the client and the design of the oil pipeline.
5.Distribution planning of fuel for the continuous pyrolysis equipment heating system shall be safe.
6.Layout design of the water supply system.
7.Layout of the drainage system, including sewage treatment and rainwater treatment, etc.
Tyre pyrolysis is a green and sustainable way to recycle waste into energy. It complies with the needs for current requirements of waste recycling. It is also a good way to create alternative energy which is very meaningful for human beings and the sustainable development of the resources on our planet. Waste recycling companies or organizations should attach importance to this method and never ignore the potential value of waste tyres.
This waste tyre pyrolysis plant project report provides general ideas about setting up a waste tyre pyrolysis plant. If you want to know more detailed information about the project, you can leave your question to us below, and the professional consultant will contact you as soon as possible.